|Stage 0: Emergent Counting||– Cannot count visible items– The child may not know the number words.
– The child cannot coordinate number words with items.
|Stage 1: Perceptual Counting||– Can count perceived items.– May involve seeing, hearing or feeling items.|
|Stage 2: Figurative Counting||– Can count the total of two collections.– Counts from one|
|Stage 3: Initial Number Sequence||– Child uses and understands counting-on rather than counting-from-one.– Uses counting on to solve addition and missing addend tasks.
– May use count-down-from strategies
|Stage 4: Intermediate Number Sequence||The child uses and understands:– count-down-from strategies- count-down-to strategies– The child can choose the most efficient strategy.|
|Stage 5:Facile Number Sequence||The child uses a range of non-count by one strategies:– Compensation
– Using known results
– Adding to ten
– Subtraction as the inverse of addition
– Awareness of ten as a teen number